ANALYSIS: Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso Establish Sahel Alliance

Innoventia Africa – Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso on Saturday signed a defense alliance called the Alliance of Sahel States (AES), officials announced.

The alliance comes as Mali and Burkina Faso have vowed to defend Niger if any country tries to intervene in the West African country following the July 2023 coup that ousted President Mohamed Bazoum.

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) had threatened to intervene in Niger following the July 26 coup d’état that ousted President Bazoum and it also imposed economic sanctions on Niger.

The establishment of the Alliance of Sahel States is a significant development for the region. The alliance brings together three countries that have been affected by instability and violence in recent years. The alliance is seen as a way to improve economic and security cooperation.

“This alliance will be a combination of military and economic efforts between the three countries,” Mali’s defence minister Abdoulaye Diop said at the press conference on Saturday. “Our priority is the fight against terrorism in the three countries,” he added.

“Together, we will build a peaceful, prosperous and united Sahel,” Niger presidency posted on X formerly twitter.

All three countries, former French colonies and all ruled by the military, have severed relations with France. Most recently, Niger asked the French ambassador and French troops to leave the country.

The alliance is also a way for the three countries to assert their independence from France. France has been the dominant military power in the Sahel for decades, but its influence has been waning in recent years.

The establishment of the Alliance of Sahel States is a signal that the three countries are willing to take responsibility for their own security, development and wellbeing of the people.

The alliance is also a way for the three countries to address the root causes of instability in the region.

“Today with the Heads of State of Burkina Faso and Niger, I signed the Liptako-Gourma Charter establishing the Alliance of Sahel States (AES) with the objective of establishing an architecture of collective defense and mutual assistance for the benefit of our populations,” Mali Interim President Colonel Assimi Goïta posted on X formerly twitter.

To what extent can the Alliance of Sahel States invest in development and promote good governance to build a more stable and peaceful Sahel?

This is a complex question, as there are a number of factors that will affect the alliance’s ability to achieve these goals, including the availability of resources, the commitment of its members, and the security situation in the region.

I am looking forward to seeing how the news unfolds and how the Alliance of Sahel States addresses these challenges. I believe that the alliance has the potential to make a significant contribution to building a more stable and peaceful Sahel, but it will need the support of the international community or other countries in order to succeed. Maybe Russia?

The Alliance has the right to seek cooperation from any country, including Russia.

There are a number of potential benefits to the Alliance’s relationship with Russia. Russia is a major military power, and its support could help the alliance to fight terrorism and other security threats. Russia is also a major economic power, and its investment could help to boost the Sahel Alliance’s economies.

– Challenges

Despite its potential benefits, the Sahel Alliance faces a number of challenges.

The three countries are all facing security and economic difficulties, which could make it difficult for them to fund the alliance. The alliance also faces the challenge of coordinating its activities with the existing security architecture in the region, which includes the G5 Sahel Force.

The establishment of the Sahel Alliance is a positive development for the region. The alliance has the potential to improve security cooperation, deter further coups, and address the root causes of instability.

However, the alliance faces a number of challenges, including economic difficulties, coordination, and challenges. It remains to be seen whether the alliance will be able to overcome these challenges and achieve its goals.

The Alliance of Sahel States is a significant step towards greater regional integration in the Sahel. The alliance has the potential to boost economic development, improve security, and promote good governance.

However, the alliance’s success will depend on a number of factors, including the commitment of its members, the availability of resources, and the ability to coordinate with other security actors in the region.

“The creation of the Alliance of Sahel States marks a decisive stage in cooperation between Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. For the sovereignty and development of our peoples, we will lead the fight against terrorism in our common space, until victory,” Burkina Faso Interim President Capitaine Ibrahim Traoré posted on X.
The alliance is also a test of the region’s ability to address its own security challenges without relying on external assistance. The Sahel has a long history of foreign intervention, and the alliance is an opportunity for the region to take charge of its own destiny.

The Sahel Alliance is a welcome development for the region, but it is important to be realistic about the challenges it faces. The alliance will need the support of its members, the international community, and the region’s people in order to be successful.

The Sahel is a region in Africa that stretches across the southern edge of the Sahara desert. It is a vast and sparsely populated region, and it has been plagued by instability for many years.

The region is home to a number of terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the The Islamic State Sahel Province (ISSP), formerly known as Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (IS-GS). These groups have taken advantage of the region’s instability to operate and recruit new members.

The Sahel is also facing a number of other challenges, including drought, poverty, and climate change. These challenges are making it difficult for the region’s governments to provide basic services to their citizens and to maintain security.

By Felix Tih

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