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Security Council authorizes ‘historic’ support mission in Haiti

Security Council authorizes ‘historic’ support mission in Haiti

In what is being hailed as an historic first, the UN Security Council on Monday authorized the deployment of an international security force to help Haiti’s national police quell surging gang violence and restore security across the strife-torn Caribbean nation.


The mission was requested by the Haitian Government and civil society representatives, following months of chaos and steadily worsening conditions affecting civilians. There have been more than 3,000 homicides reported this year, and over 1,500 instances of kidnapping for ransom.

Around 200,000 have been forced to flee their homes while sexual violence and abuse against women and girls at the hands of armed gangs ticks up. Tens of thousands of children are unable to go to school.

Adopting the resolution with a recorded vote of 13 in favour and 2 abstentions (Russia and China), ambassadors in New York also authorized the Multinational Security Support (MSS) mission to help secure critical infrastructure and transit hubs such as the airport, ports, schools, hospitals and key intersections.

They also called on countries participating in the mission to ensure the highest standards of transparency, conduct and discipline for their personnel, and called for an oversight mechanism to prevent human rights violations or abuses, including sexual exploitation.

The non-UN mission is also slated to help ensure unhindered and safe access to humanitarian aid for millions of Haitians in need.

The resolution, adopted under UN Charter‘s Chapter VII, which sets out the Security Council’s responsibilities to maintain international peace and security, was penned by the United States and Ecuador.

‘Act of solidarity’

Jean Victor Geneus, Foreign Minister of Haiti – not currently a Security Council member – thanked ambassadors for their support and for tabling the historic resolution.

“More than just a simple vote, this is in fact an expression of solidarity with a population in distress,” he said.

He added that the resolution is glimmer of hope for the Haitian people that have for too long suffered the consequences of a multipronged crisis.

He urged Member States to commit to the mission “as quickly as possible” to help restore a safe and stable environment and re-establish democratic institutions there.

‘New way’ to preserve peace

Speaking after the adoption, Jeffrey DeLaurentis, Representative of the United States, said the Council had “made history” by authorizing the multinational support mission, and stepping up to “create a new way of preserving global peace and security”.

He said it was answering the call from a fellow Member State facing a multidimension crisis.

“The deployment of this mission will help to support Haiti’s critical near term needs and to foster the security conditions necessary for the country to advance long term stability,” he said.

He added that while the mission will primarily support Haitian police, it is but one part of the larger effort to address the wider crisis, including humanitarian, economic and political challenges.

Supporting the people

Also speaking after the adoption, Zhang Jun, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of China, said that his country has always taken a cautious and responsible approach to the Council’s invocation of Chapter VII of the UN Charter on the authorization of the use of force.

“We hope that the country leading the Multinational Security Support mission will hold in-depth consultations with Haiti on their specific arrangements for the deployment of security forces,” he said, stating also that it should be fully in support of the Haitian people.

He also urged timely reporting to the Security Council, and that the mission must comply with international law and the basic norms governing international relations, so as to avoid infringing on sovereignty.

‘A beacon of hope’

Martin Kimani, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Kenya (also not a current Council member) recalled his country’s bold offer to lead the mission and thanked the Council for responding in an “exemplary spirit of cooperation.”

“With this action, the Security Council has ignited a beacon of hope for the beleaguered people of Haiti”, he said.

The Foreign Minister reaffirmed Kenya’s commitment to work closely with Haiti’s allies and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) member States, in establishing the mission in accordance with the resolution.


African Development Bank Chief Urges Fairer Global Financial Architecture for Africa

African Development Bank Chief Urges Fairer Global Financial Architecture for Africa

Innoventia Africa – The global financial architecture needs to be reformed to provide more financing for Africa to adapt to climate change, according to the African Development Bank (AfDB) President, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, who has outlined five ways in which it can be made fairer.

Speaking at a high-level roundtable at the United Nations General Assembly last week, Adesina said that the current system is not delivering the scale of resources needed for Africa to achieve its growth and development priorities.

He said that Africa faces a financing gap of $1.2 trillion through 2030 to finance its Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Adesina also noted that the international financial architecture is not providing climate financing at the scale needed for Africa to adapt to climate change.

“Africa contributes only 3% of global emissions and suffers disproportionately from climate change, losing $7–15 billion annually. This figure is expected to rise to $50 billion by 2030. Yet, Africa faces a climate financing gap of $213 billion annually through 2030,” he said.

Another constraint identified by Adesina is that the current international financial architecture makes debt restructuring too complex to achieve. He said that this poses serious risks for African countries facing debt distress.

Adesina said that the global financial architecture skews international emergency financial resources in favor of richer countries that least need the resources. He noted that of the $650 billion in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Africa received just $33 billion or 4.5%.

He also criticized the current system for delivering uneven fiscal responses for developing countries during times of global shocks. He said that while total fiscal measures taken to fight the COVID-19 pandemic amounted to $17 trillion or 19% of global GDP, Africa received just $89 billion, which represented 0.5% of global value.

Adesina’s Proposed Solutions
  • Scale up financing for global development by leveraging the private sector. He said that multilateral development banks must deploy risk mitigating instruments to leverage the almost $145 trillion in assets under management by institutional investors for climate-related projects.
  • Simplify the global climate finance architecture and make it better coordinated. Adesina also suggested that loans should contain contingency clauses that free up countries from loan repayments when they face climate shocks.
  • Multilateral development banks should change their business models to deliver greater volumes of concessional financing for countries. Adesina said that it was necessary to fast-track the G20 Common Framework for Debt Treatments to deliver debt restructuring and debt resolution faster.
  • Better capitalize multilateral development banks. The AfDB president said that this requires an increase in their capital base, especially through large increases in paid-in capital, which is needed to leverage more financing.
  • Channel a portion of IMF Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) from SDR donor countries to multilateral development banks. He said that the AfDB and the Inter-American Development Bank had developed a model that would allow for SDRs to be leveraged by a multiple of three to four, while preserving their reserve asset quality.

Adesina said that what was needed now was for five donor countries to form a group and help rechannel SDRs to Africa through the AfDB. IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva, seated next to Adesina, said her institution supported the model.
Adesina said a $25 billion SDR rechannelling would create $100 billion in additional financing for Africa.

Adesina concluded by saying that to achieve a fair, more just, and equitable world, “we must change the structure, conduct and performance of the global financial architecture.” He added that the world’s collective future depended on it.

Adesina’s proposals offer a blueprint for how the global financial architecture can be made fairer for Africa.

Felix Tih, editor in chief of Innoventia Africa Magazine, believes that by implementing Adesina’s recommendations, the world can help Africa achieve its development goals and build a more prosperous future for all.

“Africa has to put pressure and keep working to push for a fairer global financial architecture,” said Tih.

By Marina Bisse


Debt crisis in developing countries weighing down SDG push, Rwanda’s Kagame warns

Debt crisis in developing countries weighing down SDG push, Rwanda’s Kagame warns

In his address to the UN General Assembly in New York, Rwandan President Paul Kagame discussed the lack of progress toward achieving Sustainable Deveopment Goals (SDGs), reducing conflict around the globe, and finding ways to boost international cooperation. 

The SDG summit held in New York earlier this week highlighted the disappointing progress made toward achieving the UN’s 17 SDG goals by 2030, said Mr. Kagame. 

He commended the Secretary-General’s focus on the issue and emphasized that slow progress toward achieving SDGs would exacerbate economic disparities between countries. 

“This year’s SDG Summit has once again raised alarm about the slow pace of SDG implementation,” he said.

“Developing countries are constrained by a debt crisis including higher costs of borrowing. This is causing economic disparities to widen and is slowing down collective progress to SDGs.”

The primary cause of the debt crisis, Mr.  Kagame argued, was high interest rates in developed economies in reaction to global inflation. 

‘Profound injustice’ 

President Kagame issued a call for peace across the globe, insisting that innocent lives bore the weight of conflict. He made several references to Rwanda’s history of genocide to highlight the devastating impact of conflict. 

“Today, there is no sign of ongoing conflicts ending anytime soon. Innocent lives are left alone to carry the burden of this instability. That is a profound injustice,” he said. 

“For Rwanda, the source of our solidarity comes from our commitment to never allowing a repetition of the tragedy that was inflicted on us nearly 30 years ago.”

Mr. Kagame also emphasized the humanitarian impacts of conflict as a primary driver of irregular migration. 

“The migration crisis is a case and point. Every year, migrants and refugees undertake dangerous journeys in search of a better future. Rwanda remains committed to working with partners, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to contribute to a durable solution,” he said. 

No one left behind

Mr. Kagame wenty on to encourage fellow Member States work together to establish a more effective international cooperation framework to fulfill the SDG promise of leaving no one behind. He claimed that shortfalls achieving SDGs directly lead to instability, and welcomed the UN’s New Agenda for Peace.

“We continue to need a more effective forum to manage global crises. A more effective cooperation framework must give equal weight to everyone’s needs and priorities. That is what builds fair and equal partnerships,” he said.

“In this regard, I welcome the Secretary General’s report on a New Agenda for Peace.” 

Statement available here.


African leaders take bold stand for sustainable development at UN Assembly

African leaders take bold stand for sustainable development at UN Assembly

Addressing the UN General Assembly on Wednesday, leaders from African nations voiced their commitment to achieving sustainable development and called for a more equitable and prosperous world.

A recurring theme in speeches delivered by the Presidents of Seychelles, Namibia, Ghana, Angola, Sierra Leone and Liberia was the urgent need to rebuild trust and rekindle global solidarity in the face of complex changes.

They expressed unwavering support for the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), emphasizing that the current trajectory falls short of ambitions, further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

In their addresses, leaders also highlighted the need for reform of the Security Council to make that 15-member body more representative and effective.

Accelerate joint efforts


President Wavel Ramkalawan of the Seychelles emphasized that the international community must accelerate joint efforts to make transformative advancements on the SDGs.

“We must prioritize SDG implementation at all levels,” he said, noting the need to align national policies and strategies with the objectives of the 2030 Agenda, while strengthening partnerships with all stakeholders.

He called on development partners to deliver on their Addis Ababa Action Agenda promises on development finance and on international financial institutions to “embrace reform” and ensure that the unique needs of vulnerable countries are considered in access to development financing.

Reiterated that addressing the climate crisis “is no longer optional – it is an immediate necessity,” President Ramkalawan expressed Seychelles’ commitment to renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Transition to green energy


In his address, President Hage G. Geingob of Namibia highlighted his country’s efforts in transitioning to green energy, emphasizing its green hydrogen projects and their potential to decarbonize hard-to-abate sectors.

He noted Namibia’s plans to develop green shipping corridors in partnership with other key stakeholders, aiming to create carbon-neutral maritime value chains for clean fuel and products.

President Geingob also noted the impacts of COVID-19 and its lingering aftermath, that pushed many across the world into extreme poverty, as well as worsening inequalities.

“The terrifying gap between the wealthy and the marginalized is not just a moral concern, but also a threat to global stability and harmony,” he said. urging efforts from all countries to create an environment where prosperity is shared and is inclusive.

Things are not right


Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, the President of Ghana, said that the theme of the General Assembly session, rebuilding trust and reigniting global solidarity, “is an acknowledgement that things are not what they ought to be in our world.”

“The mutual trust among nations that is required to ensure harmony has considerably diminished,” he said.

The Ghanaian President highlighted that his country firmly believes that the United Nations is the best means for the world community to address the multifaceted challenges they face.

But the Organization can only function effectively and deliver on expectations, when its fundamental pillars are reformed, “anything short of that will continue to undermine its credibility,” he said.

Institutions need reform


President João Lourenço of Angola also highlighted the need for the United Nations to strengthen its role and its capacities to formulate the most appropriate responses and thus be able to face the many challenges.

“It is essential that we do everything in our power to continuously promote respect for and observance of the values set out in the UN Charter and international law, so that we can correct the dangerous trajectory that the world took after the fall of the Berlin Wall,” he said.

President Lourenço noted that developing countries lack sufficient representation in institutions of world governance and therefore are unable to contribute to formulation of realistic solutions to their problems.

“This situation generates anxiety and frustration among the most vulnerable populations who, by not having their expectations met, become easily permeable to negative influences that are dangerous to the order and stability of their respective countries,” he said.

Commitment to democratic governance


President Julius Maada Bio of Sierra Leone highlighted his country’s commitment to democratic governance and human rights, as well as the primacy of regional peace, particularly within the context of the West African subregion.

“Sierra Leone raises its voice alongside our ECOWAS community, expressing unequivocal dissent towards any extra-constitutional changes of Government,” he declared, noting that such actions imperil not only individual nations but also the “cohesive fabric of the broader African identity.”

The President’s message for cooperation and collaboration went beyond regional borders, calling for rebuilding trust and solidarity on the global stage.

Quoting Archbishop Desmond Tutu, “there comes a point where we need to stop just pulling people out of the river. We must go upstream and find out why they’re falling in,” President Bio urged world leaders to address the root causes of today’s problems.

“Our duty is clear: We must lift our people from poverty,” he said.

Unity, resilience and ambition


George Manneh Weah, the President of Liberia, highlighted the multitude of challenges the world currently faces, including security, economic, social, political, and environmental issues.

He emphasized the need for collective efforts to address the challenges and realize the 2030 Agenda and urged bilateral and multilateral collaborations.

Since his first address to the General Assembly, five years ago, when he informed the Assembly of the peaceful democratic transition in his country, “with your support and that of our friends, we have kept the democratic torch burning”, President Weah said.

“Liberia’s journey is best captured in the spirit of unity, resilience, and ambition,” he added, urging the international community that together, through collaboration and shared purpose, “we can, and must shape a world that upholds the rights and dignity of every individual.”

DR Congo President sets early withdrawal of UN peacekeepers, country will take reins of its destiny

DR Congo President sets early withdrawal of UN peacekeepers, country will take reins of its destiny

After the decades-long presence of a large UN peacekeeping mission, the Democratic Republic of the Congo will, by the end of the year, aim to take full control of its destiny and become the primary actor in its own stability, the country’s President told the General Assembly on Wednesday.

President Félix-Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo thanked the international community and the UN for their support and partnership, adding that the gradual withdrawal of the mission, known as MONUSCO, is a necessary step to consolidate the progress made by DR Congo.

He deplored peacekeeping missions deployed in one form another for almost 25 years in the DR Congo were neither able to control rebellions and resolve armed conflicts, nor protect civilian populations.

The President said he has instructed his Government to begin discussions with UN officials to accelerate and bring forward the MONUSCO withdrawal deadline by one year: from December 2024 to December 2023.

Demand for sanctions

He also reiterated his country’s demand for the UN Security Council to sanction all persons and entities who perpetrated, sponsored or were accomplices in war crimes, crimes against humanity, and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, and the UN Charter on Congolese soil.

It is unjust and unacceptable for persons deemed to be responsible for such serious crimes to continue to enjoy impunity with the complete silence of our organization, he stressed.

He welcomed the United States sanctions just imposed on Rwanda for its support for the M23 terrorist group, which he called a proxy of that neighbouring county.

Fix double standards

President Tshisekedi went on to stress that maintaining international peace and security is UN’s primary objective, requiring greater determination and commitment from its Members in the face of any threat to international peace and security.

However, African people often do not understand the Organization’s ambiguities, double standards and procrastination, particularly its Security Council.

To retain the trust of the international community, the UN must show it can adapt and fix its inefficiencies and contradictions within its agencies, he said, stating that the Security Council’s permanent membership be expanded to include two representatives of the African continent to ensure it is inclusive in its composition as well as decisions.

Climate change

President Tshisekedi also spoke on climate change and the environment, noting that the recent African Climate Summit held in Nairobi reflected the continent’s determination to actively participate in the climate discussion and contribute to curbing global warming.

Urging the UN and the entire international community to pay attention to the legitimate demands of the continent, he called for the creation of a fair carbon market and incentive prices while strengthening the effectiveness of climate financing.

Upcoming elections

Looking ahead to upcoming general elections in the country, President Tshisekedi affirmed that invitations have already been extended to competent international institutions and non-governmental organizations to mandate their electoral observation missions to support the process and help the nation consolidate its democracy.

He also said that his Government is committed to change the way men view women, in particular by removing societal structures that create barriers to the development of women as well as power dynamics that underlie male-female relationships. 


Madagascar Embraces Digital Platform to Boost Business Linkages

Madagascar Embraces Digital Platform to Boost Business Linkages

Innoventia Africa – In a significant stride towards bolstering economic ties and fostering collaboration in Madagascar, the African Development Bank (AfDB)  has unveiled the Mada Business Linkage, a pioneering digital platform set to transform business interactions in the island nation situated off the southeast coast of Africa.

Launched on September 14, 2023, in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, the Mada Business Linkage is a Business-to-Business (B2B) digital platform designed to seamlessly connect registered enterprises operating within the country.

Its primary goal is to serve as a bridge for companies seeking suppliers or subcontractors, as well as to enhance the visibility of businesses actively pursuing mutually beneficial partnerships.

The platform comes as part of the Small and Medium-sized (SME) Business Linkage Program initiated by the AfDB.

This comprehensive program, covering various sectors of the economy, aims to stimulate SME growth, propel large-scale economic development, and generate improved employment prospects for women and youth in key industries. The AfDB has invested $1.4 million in the Madagascar SME Business Linkage Program.

During the initial phase, Malagasy enterprises can register on the Mada Business Linkage platform and utilize its services free of charge until early 2024, according of AfDB.

During this period, they can not only present their businesses to a network of peers but also access valuable data on prospective partners for collaboration. Following this grace period, the platform will become self-sustaining, funded by annual subscription fees from its members.

Adam Amoumoun, the Country Manager of the AfDB in Madagascar, highlighted the innovative nature of the business linkage development program.

He emphasized that SMEs now have the means to seize opportunities presented by larger enterprises through this online platform. He also expressed the intent to scale up the program to fortify the local supply chain.

Ingenosya, a digital transformation company headquartered in Madagascar, spearheaded the design and development of the Mada Business Linkage platform.

Miangaly Andriamampandry, Deputy Director of Ingenosya, extended an open invitation to all interested companies, encouraging them to explore the platform’s benefits. She highlighted its newfound accessibility and versatility.

Sandrine Rakotovao, responsible for the SME Business Linkage Program at the AfDB, unveiled plans for a comprehensive campaign aimed at disseminating information and promoting the platform throughout October 2023.

This transformative digital initiative promises to usher in a new era of business cooperation and growth in Madagascar, ultimately strengthening the nation’s position within the global economy.

By Felix Tih

Switzerland, Denmark to Resume Humanitarian Activities in Niger

Switzerland, Denmark to Resume Humanitarian Activities in Niger

Innoventia Africa – Switzerland and Denmark have resumed humanitarian activities in Niger after halting them following the July 2023 coup d’état that ousted President Mohamed Bazoum.

The EU, Canada, the US, the World Bank and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) imposed sanctions on Niger to pressure the military leaders to return power to Bazoum.

On Tuesday, local news website Niger Tribune reported that the Swiss Cooperation Office in Niger has resumed its activities. “We have carried out a security analysis and even if the situation remains fragile, we can work on site,” the head of communications of Switzerland’s Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (DFAE) was quoted as saying.

“The people of Niger are on the verge of catastrophe, which could lead to a potential flow of refugees. Naturally we cannot turn a blind eye to this situation,” Denmark Foreign Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen told daily Politiken.

Over the weekend, Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso signed a defense and economic alliance called the Alliance of Sahel States (AES). All three countries, former French colonies and all ruled by the military, have severed relations with France. Most recently, Niger asked the French ambassador and French troops to leave the country.

The resumption of humanitarian activities in Niger by Switzerland and Denmark is a welcome development. The country is facing a number of challenges, including a food crisis, insecurity, and the displacement of millions of people.

The establishment of the AES is another significant development. The alliance is seen as a way for the three countries to pool their resources and capabilities to better address the security challenges they face.

However, it is important to note that the AES is still in its early stages. It remains to be seen how effective the alliance will be in addressing the security challenges facing the three countries. It is crucial to continue to monitor the situation in Niger and to provide support to the people of the country.

By Felix Tih

Rwanda’s Nyungwe National Park Becomes UNESCO World Heritage Site

Rwanda's Nyungwe National Park Becomes UNESCO World Heritage Site

Innoventia Africa – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has inscribed Rwanda’s Nyungwe National Park to the World Heritage Site, the UN agency announced on Tuesday.

This serial property represents an important area for rainforest conservation in Central Africa, according to UNESCO.

Nyungwe National Park is home to intact forests, peat bogs, moors, thickets, and grasslands, providing habitats to a highly diverse flora and fauna.

The park also contains the most significant natural habitats for a number of species found nowhere else in the world, including the globally threatened Eastern Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii), Golden Monkey (Cercopithecus mitis ssp. kandti), and the Critically Endangered Hills Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hillorum).

There are also 12 mammal and seven bird species that are globally threatened, and with 317 species of birds recorded, Nyungwe National Park is one of the most important sites for bird conservation in Africa.

By Felix Tih

UN Experts Express Grave Concern Over Disappearances, Mass Graves in Nigeria

UN Experts Express Grave Concern Over Disappearances, Mass Graves in Nigeria

Innoventia Africa – In a scathing report, United Nations (UN) human rights experts have expressed grave concern over the “unsettling and still unaccounted number of missing persons and disconcerting reports of mass graves” in Nigeria.

Enforced disappearances are a widespread and systemic problem in Nigeria. The perpetrators include non-state armed groups such as Boko Haram or Islamic State’s West Africa Province, and criminal gangs.

Enforced disappearances are often used as a tool of repression and intimidation against the population, local government, dissidents, journalists, and human rights defenders.

During the scrutiny of Nigeria’s initial report under the International Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, Country Co-Rapporteur Suela Janina and Country Co-Rapporteur Juan Pablo Alban Alencastro, both members of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances, intensified their focus on the country’s handling of these pressing issues.

Janina expressed alarm over the mysterious disappearance of numerous individuals and sought clarity regarding investigations into abductions orchestrated by Boko Haram. She further questioned the status of proposed legislation aimed at categorically criminalizing enforced disappearances as a heinous crime against humanity.

The Boko Haram insurgency has exacerbated the problem of enforced disappearances in Nigeria. The terrorist group has abducted thousands of people, including civilians, aid workers, and security personnel. The fate of many of these abductees remains unknown.

In 2015, Boko Haram pledged allegiance to the self-proclaimed Islamic State and rebranded as the Islamic State in the West African Province (ISWAP).

Alencastro highlighted the grave predicament of missing persons and the unsettling presence of mass graves in certain regions of Nigeria.

The absence of concrete data on these matters prompted his call for an immediate assessment of the graves, a systematic identification of those who have disappeared, the establishment of comprehensive data repositories, and the notification of affected families.

He further inquired into Nigeria’s legal stance concerning the forceful removal of children, seeking clarity on whether domestic laws directly criminalized this grave offense.

Kashim Adeiza Adamu, leading the Nigerian delegation, affirmed the government’s commitment to addressing enforced disappearances and safeguarding human rights.

He underscored Nigeria’s legislative framework, including the Anti-Torture Act of 2017, as well as the establishment of the National Human Rights Commission responsible for investigating allegations of enforced disappearances and related human rights abuses.

Adamu also detailed ongoing training programs for security forces and government agencies to uphold the principles of the rule of law and human rights.

Despite the report’s belated submission, the intense scrutiny underscored the urgency of addressing enforced disappearances in Nigeria and ensuring justice for victims and their families.

The UN experts’ concerns accentuated the imperative for transparency, accountability, and concrete actions by Nigeria to confront this pressing human rights issue.

In concluding remarks, Olivier de Frouville, Committee Chair, expressed regret that answers to Committee Experts’ questions could not be delivered immediately.

He said that the Committee looked forward to receiving answers in writing. In closing, he expressed hope that cooperation between Nigeria and the Committee would deepen over time.

– Analysis

The UN experts’ report is a damning indictment of Nigeria’s record on enforced disappearances.

The fact that the government has yet to criminally prosecute a single case of enforced disappearance is a testament to the impunity that perpetrators of this heinous crime enjoy.

The government’s commitment to addressing enforced disappearances remains to be seen. While the establishment of the National Human Rights Commission is a positive step, the commission has been criticized for its lack of independence and capacity.

The UN experts’ report is a timely reminder of the need for urgent action to address enforced disappearances in Nigeria.

The government must demonstrate its commitment to justice and accountability by criminally prosecuting perpetrators, establishing an independent and effective commission of inquiry to investigate all cases of enforced disappearance, and providing support and reparations to victims and their families.

The UN experts’ report is a welcome step in the fight against enforced disappearances in Nigeria. The report highlights the need for urgent action by the government to address this pressing human rights issue.

Much more needs to be done to end the practice of enforced disappearances and bring perpetrators to justice.

By Felix Tih

Ethiopia’s Bale Mountains National Park Inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Site

Ethiopia's Bale Mountains National Park Inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Site

Innoventia Africa – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has inscribed Ethiopia’s Bale Mountains National Park to the World Heritage Site, the UN agency announced on Monday.

The announcement was made during the 45th session of the World Heritage Committee in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is the second Natural Heritage and 11th World Heritage inscription for Ethiopia.

The Bale Mountains are one of Ethiopia’s most beautiful wilderness destinations. A verdant, jungle environment packed with endemic wildlife, staggering vistas, boutique lodges and awesome hiking routes.

Rising to over 4,000 meters, the Afro-Alpine plateau of the Bale Mountains is the highest mountain range in southern Ethiopia.

The north side of the park is home to the Sanetti Plateau, a high-altitude region of glacial lakes surrounded by high volcanic ridges.

In the south of the park, you’ll find the Harenna Forest, a thick, jungle-like region home to colobus monkeys, wild horses, forest hogs, warthogs, and even lions and leopards.

The beautiful Bale Mountain Lodge, nestled in the thickets of the Harenna Forest, is one of Ethiopia’s best boutique lodges. It’s the perfect place to return for sundowners by the roaring fire after a day of exploring.

In the surrounding villages, makeshift bars serve tej (honey wine) around the clock, and you can learn how that incredible Ethiopian coffee is produced in the surrounding forests.

The Bale Mountains are a place of beauty, in both nature and community.

If wildlife, scenery, and the great outdoors are high on your Ethiopia travel wish list, the Bale Mountains should not be missed.

The Bale Mountains are a treasure trove of natural wonders, from towering peaks to lush forests and pristine lakes. It’s no surprise that UNESCO has recognized this unique ecosystem as a World Heritage Site.

Imagine yourself hiking through the Harenna Forest, surrounded by the calls of colobus monkeys and the rustle of wild horses. Or perhaps you’d prefer to climb to the top of the Sanetti Plateau and bask in the breathtaking views of glacial lakes and volcanic ridges.

No matter what you choose to do, the Bale Mountains are sure to leave you awestruck. So pack your bags and get ready to explore this magical corner of Ethiopia.

By Felix Tih

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